The 8.4-magnitude earthquake that struck the central Chilean coastline last week was the third large earthquake to affect the country in just over five years and has lead a number of family members, friends, and clients of mine to recently ask, “Doesn't living in the earthquake capital of the world make you nervous?”
I arrived in Chile in mid-2010, just a few months after the 8.8 earthquake, and will admit that at first I did have some doubts about moving to the most seismically active country on the planet.
I used to associated 7.0+ earthquakes with mass destruction, chaos, and death tolls in the tens to hundreds of thousands because in most parts of the world, that's basically what a large scale earthquake equates to.
Notable Earthquakes in Recent History
In 2011, the 9.0 magnitude earthquake that hit Japan caused over 15,000 deaths and tens of billions of dollars worth of damage.
In 2010, the 7.0 magnitude earthquake in Haiti had a death toll over 100,000 while the 2004 earthquake that hit Indonesia had a magnitude of 9.2 and a death toll of over 200,000.
Even the 6.7 magnitude earthquake that hit Northridge, California in 1994 is estimated to have to have caused around 60 casualties and somewhere around $20 billion USD in damage.
A Different Story in Chile
By contrast, Chile's most recent 8.4 magnitude earthquake (which struck last Wednesday) caused 13 casualties and 34 injuries.
The 8.2 earthquake that hit northern Chile in 2014 caused just 7 casualties and the 8.8 magnitude earthquake that hit Chile's 8th Region in 2010 is reported to have caused 525 deaths.
If you combine every single earthquake that Chile's had over the last 60 years (which includes the 9.5 magnitude 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the most intense earthquake in recorded history, and dozens of other 7.0+ earthquakes), the total death toll comes out to just over 3,000.
Analyzing the numbers even closer, you'll realize that the majority of those 3,000 casualties were either due to old adobe homes (with no base isolation) collapsing during the earthquakes or people living too close to sea level in coastal areas being affected by the resulting tsunamis.
As I've come to better understand how these natural phenomenon have affected Chile throughout it's history, I feel a lot more confident about having made the decision to move here full time.
While I still like to think I have a healthy respect for shifting tectonic plates, it's pretty clear that sugar, cholesterol, and getting behind the wheel everyday all pose a much bigger risk to my safety and well-being than earthquakes do (at least in this country).
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